The AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) program is a federation of ground-based remote sensing aerosol networks established by
NASA and PHOTONS
(PHOtométrie pour le Traitement Opérationnel de Normalisation Satellitaire; Univ. of Lille 1,
CNES, and CNRS-INSU) and is greatly expanded by networks
AEROCAN, NEON, and CARSNET)
and collaborators from national agencies, institutes, universities, individual scientists,
and partners. For more than 25 years, the project has provided long-term,
continuous, and readily accessible public domain database of aerosol optical,
microphysical and radiative properties for aerosol research and characterization, validation of satellite retrievals,
and synergism with other databases. The network imposes standardization of instruments,
calibration, processing and
AERONET collaboration provides globally distributed observations of spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD),
inversion products, and precipitable water in diverse aerosol regimes.
Version 3 AOD data are computed for three data quality levels: Level 1.0 (unscreened),
Level 1.5 (cloud-screened and quality-controlled), and Level 2.0 (quality-assured). Inversions, precipitable water, and other
AOD-dependent products are derived from these levels and may implement additional quality checks.
The AERONET - Ocean Color (AERONET-OC) is another component of the AERONET program,
provides the additional capability of measuring the radiance emerging from the sea (i.e.,
normalized water-leaving radiance) with sun-photometers installed on offshore platforms like lighthouses,
oceanographic and oil towers.
Similarly, the Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN)
component of the AERONET program provides ship-borne aerosol
optical depth measurements from the Microtops II sun photometers.
These instruments have been deployed periodically on ships of opportunity and research vessels
to monitor aerosol properties over the World’s Oceans.
The Solar Radiation Network (SolRad-Net) provides high-frequency solar
flux measurements and is collocated with AERONET sites.
The processing algorithms have evolved from Version 1.0 to Version 2.0 and now Version 3.0.
The Version 3 databases are available from the AERONET and PHOTONS web sites.
Version 2 data may be downloaded from the web site through 2018 and thereafter upon special request.
New AERONET products will be released as new measurement techniques and algorithms are adopted and validated by the AERONET research community.
The AERONET website also provides AERONET-related news, a description of research and operational activities, data visualization,
web services, related Earth Science links, and an AERONET staff directory.
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